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  • Barley Mathura, UP( 1562.5 )
  • Bengal Gram Shajapur,M.P.( 4600 )
  • Coriander (Badami) Ujjain, M.P( 6300 )
  • Cotton Seed(Sarki) Dewas, M.P( 2150 )
  • Green Gram Vidisha, M.P( 3900 )
  • Groundnut Chhata, UP( 3250 )
  • Lentil Khategaon, M.P( 3600 )
  • Maize Aliganj, UP( 1150 )
  • Mustard Seeds Sarangpur, M.P( 3050 )
  • Paddy - 1509 Etah, UP( 3050 )
  • Paddy(1121) Ratlam, M.P( 2075 )
  • Paddy(Basamati Pusa) Mohan barodiya, M.P( 2350 )
  • Sesame Seed Indore, M.P( 6200 )
  • Wheat Nagod, M.P( 1525 )
  • WheatMustard Seeds Kasganj, UP( 3425 )
 
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Cereals / Grains
Bajra
Bajra (Pennisetum glaucum) belongs to Graminea family is the most widely grown type of millet. Bajra survives under adverse climatic conditions and well adapted to growing areas characterized by drought, low soil fertility, and high temperature, it is a drought tolerant crop and is suitable for dry farming situations. Bajra has the smallest cycle of 80 to 85 days only, sowing starts from Jun and extend till August and harvesting starts from September and extended up to December. Bajra is used as staple food and serve as main ingredient in food industry, cattle and poultry feed industries, beverage and Distilleries.
India contributes nearly 37% of the world production of the Bajra. According to 2nd advance estimate production of Bajra is around 8.80 million tons in 2013-14. Rajasthan is the top producing state contributes nearly 57% of total area cultivated followed by Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana and Maharashtra. India is the top exporter of Bajra followed by Ukraine, USA, France and China, where as Belgium Yemen and Denmark are main importing countries. India, Niger, Nigeria, China, Mali and Burkina are estimated to account for about 80% of global millet utilization. It is mainly used as staple food and has diverse usage in Bakery, Cattle and Poultry Feed, Beverages and Food industries.
Consumption demand for the Bajra grain is expected to be higher given the increased demand from malt industry, poultry and cattle feed manufacturer. Bajra is being used by many industries like poultry & cattle feed as a close substitute of Maize & it is also visible in price correlation of these commodities. Bajra is the staple food in many countries hence its consumption is directly related to population growth. Upcoming trends of mixed grains flour consumption and the increasing demand of millets from health conscious urban dwellers will support Bajra demand in future
Wheat
Wheat is a cereal grain that belongs to the grass family of the genus ‘Triticum’. A dry, one seeded fruit named kernel is obtained from this spiky grass like grain, which is ground to make flour and is consumed throughout the world as one of the most important staple food. It is the second largest cereal grain consumed on earth. Wheat is important especially for making breads and other bakery products as it has got the maximum number of glutens as compared to any other grain. This crop is also grown as a forage crop for the livestock.
Wheat requires a cooler weather and a good level of moisture in the early plantation period and once the grain is formed, it needs a warmer weather to dry up. That is why the best-suited climate needed for the wheat crop to prosper is the temperate climate. In India, wheat is cultivated as a Rabi crop and it is planted in the month of October. It is harvested in the months of April and May.
The world production of wheat figures over 680 million tons (2009-10 figures) annually. The largest producer of wheat in the world is the European Union followed by China, India and United States of America. These four producers contribute to around 60% of the total production. The consumption of wheat in the world is a huge 650 million tons (2009-10 figures) but is successfully kept satisfied with an equally high production figures

India produces around 75-80 million tons of wheat every year. India also stands at the top in the world in terms of area covered in production of wheat. Uttar Pradesh is the leading producer state in India followed by Punjab and Haryana. Wheat occupies a major share of 35% production in the total production of crops cultivated and 65% of total cropped area in the country. This share in production and area covered of the crop has increased since independence and is also constantly rising. The yield of wheat in kilograms per hectare has also risen significantly from 522 kg/ha in 1950/51 to 1620kg/ha in 1998/99.

Wheat is a stable crop in many countries and hence its consumption is directly proportional to the population growth. Consumption has been constantly increasing during the last 10 years with the increase in population, and alarmingly, the consumption is prepared to shoot up further and is expected to reach up to 775 million tons in 2020.
Maize (Kharif)
Maize (Zea mays) belongs to the grains family Graminae and is known as Queen of Cereals due to its diverse uses. Also called corn, maize requires moderate climate for growth, excess or deficient rains adversely affect yields as well quality. It grows well in loamy soils. Maize in India is grown in both kharif (80%) and rabi (20%) seasons. In kharif, it is sown in June-July till mid-August and harvested from mid-September. The arrivals extend from late September to February. The major states are Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. In rabi, maize is grown in Bihar and coastal region of Andhra Pradesh. The arrivals start from late March and extend upto June.
USA, China and Brazil are the top three maize producing countries in the world. Prominent exporters of maize are USA, Argentina and Brazil while chief importers are Japan, EU, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia etc. India ranks among the top 10 maize growing countries in the world and exports to Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, the Middle East and South East Asian countries. World over, maize is primarily a feed crop even as it finds growing usage as a fuel (bio-ethanol), in value added foods and other industrial applications.
Maize production and consumption has been rising consistently in India. The feed uses of maize are projected to increase by 10% annually. Starch companies are also in expansion mode with several existing players adding new capacity. Starch derivatives are used in textiles, pharmaceutical industries, confectionery etc. and all these industries are poised to grow substantially in future. Increased production of maize caters to export markets and offers distinct freight advantage to Indian exporters to Middle East and South East Asian countries. Maize usage is bound to grow as its consumption is linked to economic growth.
Maize (Rabi)
Maize (Zea mays) belongs to the grains family Graminae and is known as Queen of Cereals due to its diverse uses. Also called corn, maize requires moderate climate for growth, excess or deficient rains adversely affect yields as well quality. It grows well in loamy soils. Maize in India is grown in both Kharif (75%) and Rabi (25%) seasons. In Rabi, Maize is grown in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab followed by coastal region of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka etc. The arrivals start from late March and extend up to August.
USA, China and Brazil are the top three maize producing countries in the world. Prominent exporters of Maize are USA, Argentina and Brazil while chief importers are Japan, EU, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia etc. India ranks among the top 10 Maize growing countries in the world and exports to Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, the Middle East and South East Asian countries. World over, Maize is primarily a feed crop even as it finds growing usage as a fuel (bio-ethanol), in value added foods and other industrial applications.
Maize production and consumption has been rising consistently in India. The feed uses of maize are projected to increase by 10% annually. The production of Maize has been increased from 14.7 mn MT in 2005 – 2006 to 23 mn MT in 2015 – 2016. Starch companies are also in expansion mode with several existing players adding new capacity. Starch derivatives are used in textiles, pharmaceutical industries, confectionery etc. and all these industries are poised to grow substantially in future. Increased production of maize caters to export markets and offers distinct freight advantage to Indian exporters to Middle East and South East Asian countries. Maize usage is bound to grow as its consumption is linked to economic growth.
Basmati Rice
Basmati rice is a kind of rice which has special aroma and flavor. These characteristics are attributed to specific harvesting, processing and geographical locations. There are several varieties of basmati rice, which are quoted on different prices based on specific characteristics and locations.
It is used for consumption as a premier variety of rice and has traditional significance in some cultures. India and Pakistan are the main producers of this variant of rice. India is the largest producer and exporter of basmati rice. Its various varieties are Kasturi, Haryana, Safidon, super basmati etc. The price of basmati rice is affected by the seasonal output and import demands.
In India, main trading hubs are Hyderabad, Karnal etc.
 
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